ACCA’s report Banishing bias? Audit, objectivity and the value of professional scepticism recommends a holistic approach that encourages market participants to think actively about cognitive bias – underlying behavioural drivers that could influence decision making – and take steps to minimise its impact on audit quality:
Standard-setters are advised to design audit standards with an eye to mitigating the impact of known biases on decision-making. ACCA recommends that, among other methods, standard-setters review possible ‘bias’ within auditing standards and articulate the importance of minimising known bias in application guidance or other explanatory material.
Regulators are encouraged to focus on improvements that support greater audit quality. ACCA urges regulators to be realistic about the limits on completely mitigating bias, and to recognise the ‘human factors’ within the regulatory process.
Auditors, when designing and performing audit procedures, must be more aware of their own subconscious bias, and should take active steps to mitigate its impact on the audit.
‘The concept of professional scepticism in audit has received a lot of attention from policymakers, regulators, politicians and the public over the years since the global financial crisis,’ explained Andrew Gambier, head of audit at ACCA.
‘It is important that all these stakeholders, as well as auditors themselves, understand the extent to which cognitive bias affects the audit process and the ways in which it can be managed, but stakeholders should also recognise that bias cannot be eliminated entirely.
‘The ‘human factor’ in the audit process is both essential and inescapable: even a machine-led audit may be subject to bias as a result of the information provided and the process of analysis.
‘Our recommendations provide some first steps for auditors, standard-setters, regulators, audit committees, investors and others to better understand the scope and limitations of professional scepticism in audit. I encourage these stakeholders to take multilateral action to ensure that audit standards, processes and regulation foster real increases in audit quality ’
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Notes to Editors
ACCA (the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants) is the global body for professional accountants. It offers business-relevant, first-choice qualifications to people of application, ability and ambition around the world who seek a rewarding career in accountancy, finance and management.
ACCA supports its 188,000 members and 480,000 students in 178 countries, helping them to develop successful careers in accounting and business, with the skills required by employers. ACCA works through a network of 100 offices and centres and more than 7,110 Approved Employers worldwide, who provide high standards of employee learning and development. Through its public interest remit, ACCA promotes appropriate regulation of accounting and conducts relevant research to ensure accountancy continues to grow in reputation and influence.
Founded in 1904, ACCA has consistently held unique core values: opportunity, diversity, innovation, integrity and accountability. It believes that accountants bring value to economies in all stages of development and seek to develop capacity in the profession and encourage the adoption of global standards. ACCA’s core values are aligned to the needs of employers in all sectors and it ensures that through its range of qualifications, it prepares accountants for business. ACCA seeks to open up the profession to people of all backgrounds and remove artificial barriers, innovating its qualifications and delivery to meet the diverse needs of trainee professionals and their employers. More information is here: www.accaglobal.com