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When does debt seem to be equity?
The difference between debt and equity in an entity’s statement of financial position is not easy to distinguish for preparers of financial statements. Many financial instruments have both features with the result that this can lead to inconsistency of reporting. This article explains the distinction between debt and equity and the key factors that determine whether an instrument is classified as debt or equity.

Revenue recognition
This article explains how IAS 18 and IAS 11 define ‘revenue’ and the principles that underpin the recognition and measurement of revenue. It also reviews some of the implementation examples provided as an accompaniment to IAS 18 and outlines likely changes to the method of accounting for revenue in the future.

How to account for property
This article outlines how you account for property, and was written specifically for students in Hong Kong. However, the article is relevant to all Paper F7 and P2 students and those studying for the DipIFR.

Revenue
Advice on how to look at questions about revenue in Paper P2 exams.

IFRS 3, Business Combinations
This article explains the relevance of IFRS 3 to Paper F7 candidates.

IFRS for SMEs (relevant to INT, SGP, MYS, HK)
The new International Financial Reporting Standard for small to medium-sized entities.

Examiner's guidance on treatment of revaluation of non-current assets
A short example giving technical guidance on the accounting treatment of the transfer of excess depreciation after revaluation of non-current assets.

Impairment of goodwill
This article discusses and shows both ways of measuring goodwill following the acquisition of a subsidiary, and how each measurement of goodwill is subject to an impairment review.

Business combinations
Complex group calculations, focusing on IFRS 3 (Revised).

Construction contracts
How to use IAS 11, Construction Contracts in an exam question.

IFRS 6
An overview of IFRS 6, Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral Resources.

IFRS 2
Testing your knowledge of share-based transactions.

IAS 41, Agriculture
The impact of the introduction of IAS 41 on agricultural activities where the income-producing bioloigical assets are expected to have economic lives that stretch beyond one accounting period.

Last updated: 26 Jul 2013