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Tax and law variants

In a number of countries, you have the opportunity of taking exams based on national tax and law – referred to as variant papers.

You will have chosen your variant papers during the initial registration process and you will not incur additional fees for doing so.

Due to national requirements, variant papers are not offered for all Joint Examination Schemes. In such cases where the variant is not available, the UK variant will be offered for tax papers and the English or global variant for the law paper.

ACCA Qualification

Variant papers are available for:

  • F4, Corporate and Business Law
  • F6, Taxation
  • P6, Advanced Taxation

Please check the tax and law variants table in the related documents section for details of where variant papers are available. ACCA has a variant paper covering global corporate and business law - you should choose this option if you intend to work in a region where ACCA does not offer a national law paper.

Foundation level

Variant papers are available for:

  • FTX, Foundations in Taxation

A choice of local tax variant papers is available in Ireland, Lesotho, Malaysia, Singapore and the UK.

Changing your variant paper

If you wish to change your tax and law variant papers please remember to do so by the standard entry closing date for the session you wish to enter. You can change your variant papers through myACCA.

Variant paper availability

Please note that not all variant exams will be offered during the March and September exam sessions. Please see the exam timetables page for more information.

Auditing standards

You have the option of taking the accounting and auditing papers based on international standards or UK standards, and for the ACCA Qualification you will also have the option of taking the papers based on national standards in certain countries.

You can select which standards you wish to follow for each individual accounting and audit paper - for example, you may wish to study UK accounting standards and international standards on auditing.

ACCA Qualification

The following papers are based on international standards for financial reporting and auditing:

  • P2, Corporate Reporting
  • P7, Advanced Audit and Assurance.

In Malaysia, these papers have been adapted for national accountancy practices. If you live in a country where there are no adapted national standards then you should choose either the International or UK standards. If you live in a country where adapted national standards are available, you should choose between International or the national adapted standard.

For more information, see the 'Accounting and auditing standards table' in the related documents on this page. 

Last updated: 11 Aug 2015

Related documents

  • Accounting and auditing standards table

    PDF 26KB
  • Tax and laws variants table

    PDF 46KB